Shiraz is the Capital of Fars province. Shiraz is one of the most beautiful, historical cities in the world. Farsi is the language of Ancient Fars (Pars) actually it has become the official language in Iran, i.e. Persian. The first capital of Fars, in 2500 years ago, was Pasargadae (is located near to Shiraz). It was also the capital of Achaemenid King Cyrus the Great. The ceremonial capital of his successor, Darius, and his son Xerxes was Persepolis. Today, only the ruins of these two capitals remain. Estakhr was another capital of Fars. It had established by the Sassanians and lasted until Shiraz finally assumed the role of the regional capitalParse or PersepolisAncient Capital of Persian -Achaemenid- Empire.
the magnificent palace complex at Persepolis was founded by Darius the Great around 518 B.C., although more than a century passed before it has finally completed. Conceived to be the seat of government for the Achaemenian kings and a center for receptions and ceremonial festivities, the wealth of the Persian Empire was evident in all aspects of its construction. The splendor of Persepolis, however, was short-lived; the palaces were looted and burned by Alexander the Great in 331-330 B.C.
The ruins were not excavated until the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago sponsored an archaeological expedition to Persepolis and its environs under the supervision of Professor Ernst Herzfeld from 1931 to 1934, and Erich F. Schmidt from 1934 to 1939.
It also referred to as Necropolis is an archaeological site located about 12 km northwest of Persepolis, in Fars province, Iran. Naqsh-e Rustam lies a few hundred meters from Naqsh-e Rajab.The oldest relief at Naqsh-i Rustam is severely damaged and dates to 1000 BC. It depicts a faint image of a man with unusual head-gear and is thought to be Elamite in origin. The depiction is part of a larger mural, most of which was removed at the command of Bahram II. The man with the unusual cap gives the site its name, Naqsh-e Rostam, “Picture of Rostam”, because the relief was locally believed to be a depiction of the mythical hero Rostam.
The mosque is also known as the “Pink Mosque” because of the extensive use of glazed, rose-colored tiles across the exterior and interior of the mosque. Iran is famous for its tile works, which have been incorporated by many Islamic lands from all over the world. According to locals, the pink tiles were only used during the mid-nineteenth century. The pink flowers on the tiles are decorated with many other hues and Islamic calligraphy also surrounds the colored tiles. Here one can see the Chinese-like chrysanthemum, peony and lotus motifs that became popular in Iran during the fourteenth century. The floral elements are also present in the rosette groups on the ceilings.
Eram Garden is a historical Persian garden in the north of Shiraz and includes several historic buildings and the botanical garden. The garden has a very high plant diversity. There are many types of plants from all around the world have planted in the garden, such that the garden is now like an exhibition of several kinds of plants and flowers. Currently the Garden is in the authority of Shiraz University; The Botanical Garden belongs to the Faculty of Agriculture and the building belongs to the Faculty of Law. Eram Garden of Shiraz along with eight other Persian gardens were registered in the World Heritage List, on 27 June 2011, in the thirty-fifth session of UNESCO World Heritage Committee.
The Naranjistan of Shiraz included garden and pavilion.It located in the center of Shiraz that was one part of a large residential complex. The residence belonged to the Qavam family, which has built between 1879 and 1886. Ebrahim Khan-e-Qavam, the original patron and owner of the complex, is known to have designed the buildings in collaboration with a master mason. Qavam was the prime minister during the reign of the Qajar kings Aqa Muhammad Khan (1796-1797) and Fath Ali Shah (1797-1834).
The area is covered by several historic Bazaar’s but among all the finest and most famous is the historic Vakil Bazaar into a great trading centre. The whide vaulted brick avenues are masterpieces of Zand architeture, with the design ensuring the interior remains cool in summer and warm in winter seasons. Today, the Vakil Bazaar in Shiraz is home to almost 200 stores selling carpets, handicrafts, spices and clothes and is one of the most atmospheric bazaars in Iran.If you are so much into photography the best time to get your favorite photograph is in the early evening when it is fantastically photogenic.
As usual, the Vakil Bazaar it’s best explored by wandering without concern for time or direction, soaking up the atmosphere in the maza of lanes leading off the main throughfares.while in Vakil Bazaar you may stumble across Saraye Moshir off the southern end of the main bazaar lane coming from the Zand Street. This tastefully restored two story caravanserai is a pleasant place to gather your breath and do a bit of souvenir shopping.On the north side of Zand is the less touristy but still pleasingly proportioned Bazaar-e Nou (The New Bazaar), built during the Qajar era.
Shah-e-Cheragh is a funerary monument and mosque located in Shiraz, in Iran, where lies the tomb of Amir Ahmad and his brother Mir Muhammad, sons of the seventh Imam and brothers of Imam Reza. Amir Ahmad and Mir Muhammad were hunted down and killed by the caliphate on this site in AD 835 during the Abbasid persecution of the Shi’ite sect. The brothers’ tombs, originally only simple mausoleums, became celebrated pilgrimage destinations in the 14th century when the pious and art-loving Queen Tashi Khatun erected a mosque and theological school by the tombs. After carrying out essential repairs, the queen ordered the tomb to be covered with millions of pieces of colored glass that glitter in the light and magnify its brilliance a thousand times. Shah-e-Cheragh is one of the most beautiful mosques and an important pilgrimage center of the city of Shiraz
The Castle Karim Khan (Arg-e Karim Khan Zand) was built as part of a complex during the Zand dynasty and it named after Karim Khan, It had served as his home. In shape it resembles a medieval fortress. At times, the citadel was used as a prison. Today it is a museum operated by Cultural Heritage Organization in Iran.