The magnificent and marvellous buildings and structures in the holy shrine of Imam Reza (A.S.) situated in the holy city of Mashhad,Iran, comprises one of the oldest and most beautiful religious and historical monuments in the world.The visitors,travellers and historians have called this religious complex as “The Glory of the Islamic World”.Every year more than twenty-five million followers and lovers of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and His Holy Ahlul Bayt (A.S.) visit the holy shrine of Imam Reza (A.S.) to perform the Ziyarah.
The grand complex of the holy shrine is round in structure which includes nine courtyards (Sahn),twenty-six porches (Riwaq), the Gowhar shad Mosque, Razavi University of Islamic Sciences, Islamic Research Foundation, Museums, the Central Library Complex, Offices, Hospital, Inn and the buildings for performing ablutions.
The present surface area of the holy shrine is 267079 sq.meters. The holy burial chamber is connected to a network of twenty-six Riwaqs (porches) covering an area of 5638 square meters. Riwaqs are the roofed buildings with different heights and designs built around the holy burial chamber during various phases of one thousand and two hundred years long history of the holy shrine.
After the twenty-six Riwaqs there are nine Sahn (Courtyards) and four Bast (the Sanctuary) around the holy shrine which occupies a total area of 331578 square meters. Sahn(courtyard)are the magnificent buildings within the holy shrine where the pilgrims perform religious services like congregational prayers,anniversary ceremonies of martyrdoms and birthdays of the Infallible Imams(A.S.).The courtyards are very magnificent and distinguished and known as the alive history of the crafts of their architects.Spectators, observing these historical art-works would dream of them done by expert the architects.
Shah-e-Cheragh is a funerary monument and mosque located in the city of Shiraz, in Iran, where lies the tomb of Amir Ahmad and his brother Mir Muhammad, sons of the seventh Imam and brothers of Imam Reza. Amir Ahmad and Mir Muhammad were hunted down and killed by the caliphate on this site in AD 835 during the Abbasid persecution of the Shi’ite sect. The brothers’ tombs, originally only simple mausoleums, became celebrated pilgrimage destinations in the 14th century when the pious and art-loving Queen Tashi Khatun erected a mosque and theological school by the tombs. After carrying out essential repairs, the queen ordered the tomb to be covered with millions of pieces of colored glass that glitter in the light and magnify its brilliance a thousand times. Shah-e-Cheragh is one of the most beautiful mosques and an important pilgrimage center of the city of Shiraz.
Jamkaran is located on the outskirts of Qom , and is the site of the Jamkaran Mosque, a popular pilgrimage site for Shia Muslims from all over the world. Shia belief has it that Muhammad al-Mahdi —the Twelfth Imam, a Shia figure will lead the world to an era of universal peace — once appeared and offered prayers at Jamkaran. On Tuesday evenings large crowds of thousands gather at Jamkaran to pray and to drop a note to the Imam in a well at the site, asking for help with some problem In the 8th century Qom was one of the centres of Shīʿite Islam . In 816 Fāṭimah, the sister of the eighth imam of the Twelver Shīʿites, ʿAlī al-Riḍā, died in the town and was buried there.
It became a place of pilgrimage in the 17th century, when the Ṣafavid rulers built a golden-domed shrine over Fāṭimah’s tomb. The modern city has the largest madrasah (theological college) in the country, where students can specialize in Islamic law , philosophy, theology, and logic.
It was at Qom that the Iranian army surrendered to Islamic revolutionary militia in 1979. Following the Islamic Revolution in Iran early in 1979, the revolution’s principal figure, the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini , again took up residence in Qom, whence he had been exiled by the shah, and made the town his seat.