Located about 340 km south of Tehran (The capital), Esfahan or Isfahan is the capital of Esfahan Province and Iran’s third largest city after Tehran and Mashhad.Esfahan was once one of the largest cities in the world. It flourished from 1050 to 1722, particularly in the 16th century under the Safavid dynasty, when it became the capital of Persia for the second time in its history. Even today, the city retains much of its past glory.Esfahan is a multi-ethnical city and Muslims, Jews and Christians live peacefully together. It is also famous for its Islamic architecture, with many beautiful boulevards, covered bridges, palaces, mosques, and minarets. This led to the Persian proverb Esfahān nesf-e jahān ast: “Esfahan is half of the world”.
This square is from the period of Shah Abbas I, and has a length of 500 m. from north to south, and its width being approximately 165 m. Surrounding this vicinity are the Abbasi Mosque and Sheikh Lotf Ol-lah Mosque, the Qaisarieh portal and the Ali Qapoo Edifice. During the reign of Shah Abbas I and his successors, this square was an area where festivities, polo, dramatics and military parades took place.A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Naqsh-e Jahan or Imam Square is located in Esfahan city centre. The second-largest square in the world (after Beijing’s Tianamen Square), it is surrounded by buildings dating back to the Safavid era.
Imam Mosque is a mosque which standing in south side of Naghsh-e-Jahan square. An excellent example of Islamic Architecture in (Iran). This mosque has been constructed during the Safavid period, in 1611 with seven-color mosaic tiles and valuable inscriptions. The portal of the mosque measuring 27 meters high, crowned with two minarets being 42 meters in height, frames in front of the mosque which opens into Naqsh-e Jahan square
It was here that the great monarch used to entertain noble visitors, and foreign ambassadors. Shah Abbas, here for the first time celebrated the Nowruz (New Year’s Day) of 1006 AH / 1597 A.D. A large and massive rectangular structure, the Ali Qapu is 48 meters high and has six floors, fronted with a wide terrace which ceiling is inlaid and supported by wooden columns. There are 52 rooms, but because a long restoration most of rooms are closed to visitors.Ali Qapu (pronounced, ah-lee gah-pooh) is in effect but a pavilion that marks the entrance to the vast royal residential quarter of the Safavid Isfahan which located from the Maidan Naqsh-e-Jahan to the Chahar Bagh Boulevard. The name made of two elements: “Ali”, Turkish for exellent, and “Qapu” Turkish for portal or royal threshold. Iranian empire, in 17th century was a serious rival to Ottoman Empire.
Situated on the eastern side of Naghsh-e Jahan Square, Sheikh Lotfallah Mosque was constructed between 1602 to 1619 A.D. in Shah Abbas (I)’s era.Sheikh lotfallah Mosque is mosque only for women ,queens and prances , no man was allowed to go in mosque that’s why there is no manatee and there for AZAN voice wouldn’t Come out to public The monument’s architect was Mohammadreza Isfahani.
Chehel Sotoun (also Chehel Sotoon) is a pavilion in the middle of a park at the far end of a long pool, in Isfahan built by Shah Abbas II to be used for the Shah’s entertainment and receptions. In this palace, Shah Abbas II and his successors would receive dignitaries and ambassadors, either on the terrace or in one of the stately reception halls.The name, “Forty Columns,” was inspired by the twenty slender wooden columns supporting the entrance pavilion, which, when reflected in the waters of the fountain, are said to appear to be forty.
Among the churches built in the Jolfa District of Isfahan, the magnificent and architecturally significant “Vank” Cathedral is the most famous. (The Church of the Saintly Sisters).
Other historical churches in Julfa include the church of Hakop, the church of George and the church of Mary but most important is the VankThe construction of the cathedral, also has known as Amna Perkich and All Savior’s Cathedral, began during the reign of Shah Abbas of the Safavid Dynasty in 1606.It had completed between 1655 and 1664.he interior of the church is elaborately decorated with wall paintings, tile work and also tableaus depicting the life of Jesus Christ. Apart from the paintings which are imitations in Italian styles, the architecture and all the decorations are totally Iranian.
Siosepol/Siose Bridge/the Bridge of 33 springs/the Bridge of Chaharbagh and also the Allah-Verdi Khan Bridge, is one of the eleven bridges of Isfahan and the longest bridge on Zayandeh River.It is highly ranked as being one of the most famous examples of Safavid bridge designs. According to some historical references concerning the buildings constructed during Shah Abbas in Isfahan, it is so conceived that the construction work of this bridge was completed concurrent with the construction of Chahar Bagh in 1596.
One of the most beautiful bridges of the world. Khaju is a name of small district in the neighborhood of bridge. It is about 132 meters long and 12 meters wide. The Khaju Bridgeis made of two decks (floors). This bridge was built to work for different purposes. As a bridge connected the old Isfahan to villages located on the southern side and also connected Isfahan to Shiraz road. It was built as a wonderful recreational place. Steps in front of bridge and arches in the first deck have been used to relax and listen to the sound of water. It was used as a dam too. Water canals of bridge were closed during spring and summer seasons.
The ancient village of Abyaneh is situated at the foot of Mt Kar- kas, Abyaneh’s steep, twisting lanes of mud and stone wind through a maze of red mud-brick houses with lattice windows and fragile wooden balconies. It is testament to both the age and isolation of Abyaneh that the elderly residents speak Middle Persian, an earlier version of Farsi that largely disappeared centuries agoThe village is at least 1500 years old and faces east across a picturesque valley. It was built this way to maximize the sun it receives and minimize the effects of howling gales in winter. In summer, it’s refreshingly cool and Abyaneh is most lively, filled with residents returning from winter in Tehran and tourists haggling with colorfully clad, toothless old women over the price of dried fruit.